Thursday, December 10, 2009

Repetition, Repetition, Repetition

Can't tell your anaphora from your exergasia? Think that conduplicatio and ploce are only useful in bed? Blogger spell-checker couldn't help. Mustard Grammar is here to help.

Conduplicatio (con-do-plih-CAT-eeoh): Figure of repetition in which the key word or words in one phrase, clause, or sentence is/are repeated at or very near the beginning of successive sentences.

A ploce is a figure of speech in which a word is separated or repeated by way of emphasis.

Anaphora is a rhetorical term for the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or verses.

Exergasia is a form of parallelism where one idea is repeated and only the way it is stated is changed.

I tell you this whilst aware that the English language graduates amongst you probably knew it already. I didn't. All four words were in my daily newspaper this week. Worth the £1 I think.


Caroline Too said...

you know, I'm not sure I'm any the wiser...

I'm pretty certain that I use one of these devices quite a lot in liturgies and poems... as a way of setting up a rhythm apart from anything else...

but i wasn't at all sure which one I use by the end..
but thanks, anyway st... you've given me some more long words to puzzle over at lunchtime! :-)

Mike Peatman said...

I thought an anaphora was a eucharistic prayer. I remember referring to the anaphora of St Basil once in an essay. In fact, here it is

Mr Gnome said...


Some examples? The first two from the Bard, the third from Dr Martin Luther King...

Conduplicatio: Hamlet refers to his naughty Uncle Claudius: 'O villain, villain, smiling, damned villain!' (Hamlet 1.5)

Anaphora: 'Mad world! Mad kings! Mad composition!' (King John 2.1)

Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy;

now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice;

now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood;

now is the time to make justice a reality for all God’s children. '